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|Posted on June 7, 2023 at 10:05 AM|
At the 79th anniversary of the D-Day on June 6, 2023, it was time for the free world to pay their homage to the fallen and also those who went through hell to reclaim freedom from the clucthes of tyranny. On D-Day, the veterans returned to the Normandy beaches and were honored for their courage & intrepidity in facing incessant barrages of machine gun fire from a brutal enemy while fighting and staking their lives on a terrain which clearly favored the enemy. The D-Day has been the largest amphibious operation conducted in the world ever with almost 150,000+ allied troops landing on the beaches.
The Interesting Story behind the Code Naming of the D-Day Landings Military Operation
The D-Day landing military operation was initially, tentatively referred to as 'Operation Mothbal'l but the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill intervened and said that he didn't want the future generations almst half a century later to remember that turning point in world history to recall it by a code name as weird as Mothball and decided to come up with something on his own and he ultimately came up with the idea of terming it as 'Operation Overlord'
Here are some worthwhile links on the press coverage marking the D-Day anniversary:-
1, World War II veterans return to Utah Beach to mark D-Day anniversary - Military Times
2. D-Day veteran Les Budding, 97, tells of first-wave role - BBC News
3. Historical Images of D-Day - USA Today
4. Suffolk funeral for one of last D-Day veterans, aged 100 - BBC News
https://www.militarytimes.com/veterans/2023/06/05/world-war-ii-veterans-return-to-utah-beach-to-mark-d-day-anniversary/" target="_blank">Image Credits: U.S war veterans salute during a ceremony outside the Pegasus Bridge memorial in Benouville, Normandy, Monday, June 5, 2023. (Thomas Padilla/AP)
https://www.militarytimes.com/veterans/2023/06/05/world-war-ii-veterans-return-to-utah-beach-to-mark-d-day-anniversary/" target="_blank">Image Credits U.S. veterans parade during a gathering in preparation of the 79th D-Day anniversary in Sainte-Mere-Eglise, Normandy, France, Sunday, June 4, 2023. (Thomas Padilla/AP)
|Posted on June 5, 2023 at 9:15 AM|
Military Helicopters an Integral Element of Force Structure
Military helicopters have been an integral element of the force structure of armed forces globally given their indispensable & critical role in carrying out a broad range of missions; including, Utility & Troop Transport, Search & Rescue (SAR), Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW), Attack & Reconnaissance and Heavy Lift; leveraging their unique operational capabilities and performance characteristics. The iconic military helicopters developed during the Cold War era, including, Black Hawk, Chinook and Apache are still in production & active service even decades after they first made their mark and having proved their mettle across numerous battlefields and combat theatres over decades. The advent of military rotorcrafts in 2007, starting with the V-22 Osprey, which was the world’s first military tilt-rotorcraft, has proved to be a truly been a game changer for the military given its unmatched operational capability providing a clear overmatch, much higher cruising speed and versatility, as against conventional helicopters, while also bridging a key capability gap.
Development of Next-GenTiltrotorcrafts & Helicopters to Drive Replacement Demand for Cold War-Era Equipment
The development of second generation of tilt-rotorcrafts, under the Future Vertical Lift (FVL) program, is intended at development of eventual successors to the Black Hawk and Chinook under the Future Long-Range Assault Aircraft (FLRAA) and Future Attack Reconnaissance Aircraft (FARA) phases of the FVL program. The 2nd generation tilt-rotorcrafts, specifically the Bell V-280 Valor picked by the U.S. Army for FLRAA, provides a generational leap in capability with its 50% higher top speed of 300 knots+ and a way longer operating range which is almost thrice that of Black Hawk while carrying a 25% higher payload.
The FARA phase again has Bell and Sikorsky pitted against each other in an intense battle, especially, after the FLRAA phase went to Bell. The European Union (EU), too, is looking at the future having launched the Next Generation Military Helicopter (NGMH) program, under PESCO, geared towards converting the next generation rotorcraft technologies into deployable solutions either as a retrofit over existing platforms or as a scratch-up platform in itself. U.K.'s upcoming NMH program is going to be a key, near term growth avenue for the industry OEMs. Switzerland's search for a heavy lift helicopter is still on the cards, wherein, Sikorsky's CH-53K Super Stallion will battle it out against the Chinook once again, much like the close contests witnessed earlier in Israel & Germany.
Further, the development of the next generation turboshaft engine, following the selection of GE's T901 under the U.S. Army's Improved Turbine Engine Program (ITEP), is a generational leap in propulsion technology for the next generation conventional helicopters & rotorcrafts, including, FLRAA, FARA as well for retrofitting existing Black Hawks and Apaches given that the T901 offers a 50% increase in power along with a 25% lower specific fuel consumption (SFC) and higher reliability as well as lower maintainability with its single spool architecture.
Demand for Military Helicopters Headed Northward amid a Marked Upswing in Global Defense Spending owing to Tectonic Geopolitical Shifts
The demand for military helicopters has been on the rise since the later part of the previous decade which has futher accelerated with the onset of tectonic geopolitical shifts following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in early 2022. Russia's antics in Ukraine have effectively led to a renaissance in defense spending across Europe with surging defense budgets & overhaul of defense industrial base for the rapid production ramp-up required after decades of hibernation. China’s rapid military build-up & emergence as the regional belligerent power in the Asia-Pacific has other nations in the region spooked up setting off one of the biggest arms race in the APAC. The U.S.-China faceoff is further escalating over China’s ascent as a revisionist state with a rapid military build-up and steadily growing global economic & diplomatic influence with the U.S. officially terming China as the strongest & most serious, long-term rival globally.The Global Defense Spending, thus, is projected to reach $2.5 trillion by 2027.
For more on Military Helicopters, Rotorcrafts & the Industry OEMs manufacturing them, Explore our Latest Reports:-
|Posted on June 5, 2023 at 9:10 AM|
The Global Agriculture Equipment market is witnessing strong demand for new equipment owing to strong farm incomes & favourable farm economics while battling supply side disruptions & challenges emanating from supply chain disruptions, bottlenecks & shortages creating production capacity constraints in an overall complex, difficult & highly challenging market environment marked by rising inflation & interest rates, tectonic geopolitical shifts and climate change challenges across most key markets & regions globally. The ongoing Russia-Ukraine war has been the latest variable added to the overall market equation & dynamics for agriculture commodities with constraints on Ukraine’s agriculture exports from Black Sea based ports since early 2022 having created supply shortfalls globally for grains & other key agriculture commodities which has, in turn, driven up commodity prices and bolstered farm incomes globally. Favourable farm economics, with strong farm incomes & agriculture commodity prices, along with the ongoing energy transition, with imminent shift towards sustainable sources of energy & sustainability, have collectively been driving up replacement demand for new agriculture equipment across most markets & regions as of late.
Precision agriculture has witnessed a substantial growth since its foray into mainstream agriculture since early part of the previous decade with most industry OEMs having rapidly built-up technological capabilities, scale and broadened products & services portfolios significantly with focus on digital transformation via the inorganic route through bolt-on acquisitions, while also harnessing tech potential of start-ups. The technology focus currently for the industry OEMs is on connectivity, autonomous capabilities and sustainability through rapid development of sustainable fuels-based drive-trains, including, electric, both battery electric & hydrogen fuel cells based apart from CNG & LNG for agriculture machinery.
The long term market fundamentals for agriculture, however, remain robust and firmly in place with the global agriculture output needed to double itself by 2050 to sustain the projected population growth rate with a crucial role likely to be played by mechanization & technological evolution by the industry with focus on sustainability which is likely to be supported & further accelerated by key initiatives, like the H2Accelerate program by the industry in EU to accelerate the uptake of green hydrogen, and the creation of First Movers Coalition; geared towards jumpstarting the scalability of sustainable technologies through the end of current decade.
For more, explore our latest reports on the Global Agriculture Equipment Market at the link below:-
|Posted on May 28, 2023 at 7:40 AM|
Brian Shul was a USAF pilot having joined the force during the Vietnam War in 1970. His AT-28 aircraft was shot down during the Vietnam War in 1973 near the Cambodian border and the wreckage of his burning aircraft landed in the jungle. Brian managed to survive but was trapped in the burning cockpit of his aircraft and was burned severely. It took almost a year, immense pain and 15+ plus surgeries for him to recover from his injuries and he managed to get back to flying after clearing every possible physical examination required. After flying fighter jets for almost a decade, he applied for what could be termed as the most challenging assignment for a fighter pilot, which was to fly the world's fastest, manned air-breathing flying machine, the USAF's Mach 3+ SR-71 Blackbird. Brian has mentioned in his book https://www.amazon.com/Sled-Driver-Flying-Worlds-Fastest/dp/0929823087" target="_blank">Sled Driver about flying the SR-71, "“There were a lot of things we couldn’t do in an SR-71, but we were the fastest guys on the block and loved reminding our fellow aviators of this fact. People often asked us if, because of this fact, it was fun to fly the jet. Fun would not be the first word I would use to describe flying this plane—intense, maybe, even cerebral.”
Brian was a regular at Military Aviation events and he relished talking about the SR-71 Blackbird, especially, his 'Ground Speed Check Story' which was one of his famous stories. Brian had a cardiac arrest and breathed his last on May 20, 2023 right after finishing his last speech at the Nevada military support alliance annual gala where he was the keynote speaker.
For his 'Ground Speed Check Story' check out the links below:-
|Posted on May 21, 2023 at 8:50 AM|
The F-16 Fighting Falcon and the MiG-29 Fulcrum (NATO designation) are two iconic fightr jets developed in the late 1970s at the peak of the Cold War raging between the two global superpowers with contrasting ideologies.These two jets are still very much in usage and have been in the media as of-late owing to the ongoing Russia-Ukraine war as Ukraine has been operating the older, Soviet-era MiG-29s and has been requesting the West to provide it with the modern F-16s to effectively take on the modern Russian fighters, including, Su-34 and Su-35s. Thus, a comparative analysis of the relative capabilitiesof these two jets has become relevant once again.
The F-16 and the MiG-29 were developed as their respective light fighter jets again with very different & almost clashing design philosophies for a common mission, which was, air superiority. Also, the F-16 & the MiG-29 were to support and play second fiddle to their larger, heavier fighter jet counterparts, namely, the F-15 Eagle and the Su-27 Flanker family under their respective air doctrines and even after more than 4 decades of active service they still are the stalwarts of the skies.
F-16's relaxed static stability(RSS) provides it with enhanced maneuverability but also necessitated the development of fly-by-wire controls which was the first at the time for a fighter jet, The F-16 also has a high turn rate and exceptional maneuverability at speeds above 200 knots, courtesy invaluable contributions by Colonel John Boyd & his energy maneuverability theory and the Fighter Mafia, which put all of their combat experience of the Vietnam war into the design & specifications of the F-16.
On the contrary, the MiG-29's relatively much better low-speed maneuverability and better nose-pointing capabilities at under 200 knots, helmet mounted sighting systems and the specially designed ejection seat were really advanced features developed by the Soviet designers. Also, the R-73 missile used on the MiG-29 (and other MiGs) was found to be way better than thought earlier, especially, with its maneuverability, seeker acquisition & tracking and resilience to electronic jamming, which was discovered when the Germans inherited the Soviet MiG-29s operated by the former East Germany after the fall of the Berlin Wall. The uncovering of R-73's capabilities ultimately forced the development of the AIM-9X Sidewinder by Raytheon (with a redesigned fuze, digital ignition safety device, lock-on-after-launch capabilityand a new weapon data link supporting beyond visual range engagements) as a replacement for the AIM-7 Sparrow for the U.S. The U.K. chse to develop the ASRAAM, France developed the MBDA Mica and the IRIS-T was developed by the Germans.
Tod 'Leif' Ericson, a retired USAF Colonel and an experimental test pilot, with over 2+ decades of flying experience has flown both F-16 and the MiG-29 and he has provided a detailed comparison between the two iconic jets on key technical aspects in an interview given to IDGA. Read more about it in the link below:-
Also recommended is a good read on the World's Top 10 4.5 & 5th Generation Fighter Jet Aircraft Programs for those looking for a deep dive :
|Posted on May 20, 2023 at 9:50 AM|
'Art of War' has been the timeless military classic & an undisputed Holy Bible of Military Warfare and Strategy globally since its creation by Sun Tzu over 2,500 years ago. However, a U.S. Army Marine Corps (USMC) officer,Scott D. McDonald, specializing in Chinese Philosophy and its influence on China's foreign policy and working on the U.S.foreign policy for the Indo Pacific region, felt that there was smething amiss in the revered text as a majority of the content seems qite commn sense and largely in tune with the Western military classics. A further, deeper probe subsequently led him to an additional set of keys to decrypt it and they were the world view & the perspective of the Chinese leadersin the light of ancient Chinese philosophy, especially, the traditions of Daoism & Confucianism which provided him with the tools, in the form of concepts, which provide the background context against the backdrop of which the text is to be deciphered, unraveled and actually read. Two key concepts uncovered by him include 'shi' which literally stands for 'Situational Potential' and 'wúwéi' standing for 'non-action'.
Read more about how these concepts provide the perfect backdropto the study of Art of War in the original article published on Conversation.com at the link below:-
|Posted on May 9, 2023 at 9:15 AM|
Giovanni Roman is a 29-year old USMC veteran from Orange County in Southern California. When he heard that the Russians had invaded Ukraine in February 2022, his life changed as he decided to volunteer & go to Ukraine to save the defenseless using his military training as a marine. He says that, "It didn't feel right for me to sit and watch it on TV, kind of be like everyone else - thoughts and prayers and just forget about it two minutes later."
He did fight the Russians there, saved lives as a medic but had a real narrow escape when the convoy he was travelling in was hit by a rocket attack. Currently, he is recuperating from the injuries sustained from that attack. While recuperating and even after having lost an eye, he says that, “If required, I would do it again…”
Read his incredible, full story below:-
PS: Gio's friend Scott has also created a fund-raiser campaign for his recovery on 'Go Fund Me':-
|Posted on May 9, 2023 at 9:00 AM|
“Trucking Projected to maintain its Cruising Speed & Growth Momentum in 2023 led by Ageing In-Service Fleets, Good Freight & Construction Activity and Ongoing Transition towards Electrification amid an Uncertain Global Macroeconomic Environment and Production Capacity Constraints”
The Global medium & heavy truck market witnessed a dynamic year in 2022 with the demand for new & used trucks consistently outpacing supply across most key global markets with the exception of China. The industry OEMs have been vying to increase production rates to meet surging demand levels, with the book-to-bill ratios hovering around 1, while battling continued supply chain disruptions, production capacity constraints, component shortages, rising input costs in an increasingly complex & uncertain global macroeconomic environment marked by inflationary pressures, rising interest rates & tectonic geopolitical shifts. The ongoing transition towards de-carbonization, led by the mass production of battery electric & hydrogen fuel cell based trucks, is the trucking industry’s current overarching theme and is likely to gain further momentum going forward. Most key industry OEMs are now transitioning towards series production of Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEV) while also collaborating amongst each other and with domain specialists for creation of the requisite ecosystem for the transition towards sustainability. Additionally, automation, electrification and further evolution of connectivity based service models configured on digitalization remain key areas of focus across truck manufacturers.
The high average age of in-service truck fleets across most markets owing to production capacity constraints over the recent years, rapid energy transition towards de-carbonization and strong construction activity with continued infrastructure investments are likely to collectively provide significant growth opportunities to the industry over near to medium term, in form of fleet replacements, expansion & recapitalizations, especially, in a volatile & uncertain crude oil price environment from an economics & policy perspective. That’s despite projections for the slowdown of the world economy over near term owing to market headwinds, ongoing war in Ukraine and rising inflation levels which have led to a wave of monetary policy tightening across the globe.
Trucking, thus, is projected to maintain its overall cruising speed as well as growth momentum in 2023 across most markets with a year-on-year growth of up to 10% projected for traditional markets, i.e., North American Class 8 and EU30 market for heavy trucks, while the growth rate for emerging markets in Asia, led by China and India, is likely to be around 15%.
Explore our latest reportson Trucking
|Posted on April 29, 2023 at 9:30 AM|
The trucking and commercial vehicle world has been quite gung-ho about the potential of hydrogen fuel cells as the sustainable propulsion source along with battery electrics for the transportation industry. However, a latest, back-of- the-envelope analysis by the Trucking Info team, in collaboration with academics & researchers from the U.K., had a look at the comparative economics of the traditional battery electric architecture and the still emerging hydrogen fuel cell based powertrainsas sustainable propulsion sources in a very interesting article authored by Jim Park. They found that hydrogen fuel cell based vehicles would be almost 3 times more expensive to buy and operate than their more conventional battery electric counterparts given the relatively way higher cost of generating green hydrogen as a clean fuel with almost 100 kWh energy required to generate almost 25 kWh of energy capable of being utilized through hydrogen fuel cells as compared to 75 kWh of usable clean energy created through the battery electric technology. Also, production of a unit of green hydrogen also leads to generation of almost 10 units of CO2 emissions in relativ units terms.
Read the complete article published by Trucking Info at the link below:-
Explore our reports on the Global Trucking Market at:-
|Posted on April 29, 2023 at 9:25 AM|
Global defense spending continues with its upward growth trajectory with the same registering a 3.7% year-on-year increase to reach a record high level of $2.24 trillion in the war defined year of 2022, as reported by SIPRI, with the quite familiar spectre of war revisiting Europe to effectively haunt it following Russia’s military resurgence over the past decade & a half and especially since the annexation of Crimea in 2014. The significant, recent surge in defense spending has primarily been propelled by the focus on revitalization of European defense industrial base following decades of neglect, apathy & hibernation and the heightened external threat perception in the form of Russia and its antics. The U.S. defense spending continues its focus on maintaining its traditional overmatch over existing & potential adversaries and China has been termed as the most serious, long-term rival for the U.S.-led traditional world order with Indo-Pacific being the theater of choice for the China containment strategy underpinning it.
Read more on the same in the SIPRI’s research publication at:-
Explore our Research Reports on the Global Aerospace & Defense Industry:-